Hero who inspirited Armenian champions of independence – today marks Andranik Ozanyan’s birthday

11:44 • 25.02.15



February 25 marks the 150th birth anniversary of Andranik Ozanyan, a legendary Armenian commander and champion of freedom, and a national liberation hero of Armenia and Bulgaria.


Taking the lead of the Armenian Feedayi troops after the murder of Aghbur Serob (military leader; 1864 - 1899), Andranik decades later became the symbol of the new Armenian statehood’s champions of independence and freedom, says Gagik Ginosyan, an Armenian ethnographic dance master and a veteran of the Nagorno-Karabakh liberation war.


“As [great Armenian novelist] Khachik Dashtents stated years later (in his novel “Call of the Ploughmen” dedicated to the early 20th century Armenian liberation struggle), we all should one day kiss their rebellious foreheads,” he told Tert.am, sharing his thoughts on the great hero’s heritage and feats. 


According to Vardan Devrikyan, a deputy head of the Manuk Abeghyan Institute of Literature and a member of the Karabakh war veterans’ volunteer union Yerkrapah (Defender of Land), Andranik and all the Armenian feedayis of the early 1900’s are central images for all those who appreciate the country’s independence and the value of the liberation campaign.


Andranik Ozanyan (aka Andranik or Zoravar /commander/ Andranik) was born in 1865 in Shabin-Karahisar, a town now situated in northeastern Turkey, and died at age 62 in the United States (Sacramento area). First buried in Fresno (the Soviet authorities banned the hero’s funeral in Armenia), his body was a year later moved to the Pere Lachaise cemetery of Paris. In 2000, the Andranik was reinterred in Yerevan’s Yerablur Pantheon.


Engaged in carpentry in his teens, Andranik had to later replace the craftsman’s adze with rifle, dedicating himself to the fight for his homeland’s liberation. Jailed by Turkish Janissaries but later managing to escape from prison, he soon joined Aghbyur Serob’s troops, committing himself to the delivery of arms supplies to the Armenian Feedayis.


In 1904, Andranik led the rebellion of Sasun. He also twice demonstrated his striking talent in the Second Balkan War (in which he took part as a military leader of a voluntary command formed jointly with Garegin Nzhdeh, a prominent Armenian statesman public figure and military strategist; 1886 -1955). Destroying the Turkish army on the river Maritsa, he was later honored with Golden Cross, the highest award by the Bulgarian Government.


Andranik brought a great a glory to tհe Arakelots (Holy Apostles) Monastery  in Mush with his invincible heroes who managed to break through and later escape from the enemy's circle.

 

“As a carpenter, he initially repaired Fedayis’ gun butts but the God’s providence, as they say, is unpreventable. So he was to later become the key figure and the symbol of the Feedayi campaign,” Mr Ginosyan noted.


In the war veteran’s words, the Nagorno-Karabakh liberation struggle would have been impossible without the inspiration drawn from the legendary commander's image. For him, Andranik was the very symbol of the hero warriors in the early 1990’s.


“He took part in the Balkan war when the Bulgarians were waging a battle against the Turks to liberate themselves from the Turkish yoke. During World War One, he commanded the first of the seven Armenian regiments; it is a unique example for a movement leader to later also head a regular army, attaining the general’s title,” he added.


Mr Ginosyan said he very much wishes to see the understanding that Andranik’s 150th birthday is not just a regular anniversary. “Such a serious jubilee year should not be insignificant,” he said, noting that Armenia this year had the first ever chance to celebrate the legendary hero’s birthday on a state level.


Mr Devrikyan more focused on Andranik’s smartness and wit as a military leader.


“His first Feedayi operations were something that ran counter to common sense, but they had a brilliant result,” he said, noting that the hero’s plans were often treated with skepticism by his warriors.


Literary critic David Gasparyan says Andranik’s dedication and efforts in the early 20th century’s national liberation campaign were tantamount to Commander Vardan Mamikonyan’s great contribution to the Armenians’ success in the Battle of Avarayr in the fifth century.

“Andranik is among those heroes who cleared the Armenian nationhood of strange, hostile elements to give the migrant Armenian a space to live. Andranik’s image was evaluated differently in different periods; from the 1920s until the 1960s, the attitude to him was negative. But later everything was settled down,” he added.

 





Загрузка...

LATEST NEWSAll Today news

16:13 • 21/07

EU-Armenia relations discussed in Yerevan  

14:53 • 21/07

 George Bush’s former doctor shot and killed while riding bike in Houston

14:27 • 21/07

Future developments in Armenia ‘test to global democracy’

12:50 • 21/07

Azerbaijan opens gunfire towards roadway in Armenia’s north-east

12:27 • 21/07

Poland backs judicial changes amid row

12:15 • 21/07

Beyoncé enjoys a family holiday with Jay-Z and Blue Ivy, 6, as they take a break from their On The Run II tour

12:05 • 21/07

The Washington Post: Ukraine is not a country, Putin told Bush

11:43 • 21/07

168 Zham: Angela Merkel to visit Armenia in August

10:47 • 21/07

Fall of the Insta-mafia: Brutal gypsy gang who loved to flaunt their ill-gotten gains on social media were arrested after mobster's wife turned supergrass

10:41 • 21/07

Disney fires James Gunn from 'Guardians of the Galaxy Vol 3' after offensive tweets are unearthed

10:05 • 21/07

Hraparak: Armenian ambassador to Canada to step down after La Francophonie summit

09:30 • 21/07

Israel carries out Gaza strikes as soldier dies from gunshot

09:12 • 21/07

Facebook investigates data firm Crimson Hexagon

18:10 • 20/07

Conte to sue Chelsea over his sacking

18:02 • 20/07

Russia fears hypersonic missile leaks

17:37 • 20/07

Armenian president hosts delegation from Ernst & Young

17:05 • 20/07

Michael Douglas reveals adventures of 101-year-old father

16:44 • 20/07

Stronger democracy-building to make Armenia internationally attractive – opinion

15:53 • 20/07

Artsakh’s direct engagement in peace talks ‘indispensable’ to future progress - Pashinyan  

15:10 • 20/07

Bitcoin to soar as ’digital gold’ of the future

14:56 • 20/07

Six US senators seek to restrict loans to Turkey over 'pastor' ruling

13:47 • 20/07

Armenia must raise ‘landlocked country’ status on United Nations' agenda - expert

12:04 • 20/07

‘Architects of Denial’ team to be Honored at 2018 ANCA-WR Gala

11:56 • 20/07

Armenia to join NATO military exercises in Georgia  

11:37 • 20/07

Four indicted with murder in slaying of rapper XXXTentacion

11:24 • 20/07

Armenia needs snap parliamentary elections until April, says vice prime minister

10:13 • 20/07

Hraparak: Fifty country leaders invited to La Francophonie summit in Yerevan

09:34 • 20/07

Eleven dead as US 'duck boat' capsizes in Missouri

09:13 • 20/07

Trump invites Putin to visit US in autumn

18:51 • 19/07

Ruben Vardanyan buys 50% of Atlanta business forum’s shares

17:19 • 19/07

Putin attacks at Trump's summer critics

16:58 • 19/07

Lewis Hamilton extends contract with Mercedes until 2020

16:52 • 19/07

Yerevan to host Sixth Watermelon Festival on July 22

16:18 • 19/07

Iranian, Armenian foreign ministries hold consular meeting in Tehran

15:57 • 19/07

FIBA bans 13 players after basketball brawl

15:31 • 19/07

State Revenue Committee to ease tax burden for SMEs

14:54 • 19/07

British police halt attack against Theresa May

14:19 • 19/07

Royal Family nicknames revealed

13:58 • 19/07

BBC launches live news streaming on Yahoo Japan

13:47 • 19/07

Kim Kardashian makes million dollars on new fragrance line after spending $0 on advertising  

12:35 • 19/07

Serious test to Armenian-Russian alliance: Pashinyan condemns unannounced drills as sabotage ‘targeting state sovereignty’

11:35 • 19/07

Ryanair cancels 600 flights over cabin crew strike in Belgium, Portugal and Spain, affect potentially almost 50,000 passengers

11:11 • 19/07

Australian PM says Pope must sack archbishop over child sex abuse scandal

10:31 • 19/07

Turkey announces end to state of emergency after two years

10:17 • 19/07

Facebook defends Holocaust deniers’ right to be wrong

10:09 • 19/07

Israel approves controversial ‘Jewish state’ law

09:55 • 19/07

NATO chief says Georgia, not Russia, must decide on NATO membership

09:49 • 19/07

Trump holds Putin ‘responsible’ for election meddling

09:32 • 19/07

UK House of Lords ratifies EU-Armenia agreement

09:11 • 19/07

Khachatur Kokobelyan: United States is interested in boosting investments in Armenia  

18:15 • 18/07

Armenian society ‘enthusiastic’ about new government's social reforms – expert

17:36 • 18/07

Trump says there is 'no time limit' for North Korea to denuclearise

17:26 • 18/07

Richard Mills: US considers increasing assistance to Armenia

16:24 • 18/07

Aerospace titans Boeing and Airbus top $110bn in orders at Farnborough

16:02 • 18/07

Russian pranksters' call with Juncker reveals what EU chief thinks about Trump

15:52 • 18/07

Liverpool agree on world record fee for Roma’s Brazilian goalkeeper

15:43 • 18/07

Battle of jets: Putin's lavish plane interior - including gold-plated toilet - is revealed... so how does it compare to Air Force One?

15:25 • 18/07

Trump-Putin summit ‘good restraint’ for powers capitalizing on conflicts – debate

14:02 • 18/07

Russian military base conducts full-scale exercises in Armenia ‘without prior warning’

12:06 • 18/07

Harrison Ford Eyes ‘Call of the Wild’

11:43 • 18/07

Armenian vice premier attends high-level UN political forum in New York

11:08 • 18/07

Google to face Giant Android fine

10:55 • 18/07

Armenia, Nagorno-Karabakh 'must enter into political-military cooperation pact'  

10:25 • 18/07

Building collapse in Delhi suburb killing at least two

10:15 • 18/07

Hraparak: Russia has special message for Pashinyan after Brussels summit

09:41 • 18/07

Trump reverses remark on Russia meddling

09:34 • 18/07

Zhamanak: Emergency minister to run for Yerevan mayor?

09:13 • 18/07

ANCA seeks US-Armenia social security Agreement

17:50 • 17/07

Government to submit ‘specific proposals’ to EU, says prime minister’s spokesperson

17:15 • 17/07

Spain captain Ramos proposes to girlfriend

16:58 • 17/07

Armenia’s ‘velvet revolution’ featured in museum exhibits

16:16 • 17/07

George Clooney made $322 million last year to become highest-earning actor in world

15:55 • 17/07

Rolls-Royce building future-style flying taxi 

15:25 • 17/07

President: We have positive outlook on Armenia’s great future

14:27 • 17/07

Pashinyan, Ter-Petrosyan discuss developments in Karabakh peace

13:57 • 17/07

Trump praises Turkey’s Erdogan for ‘doing things the right way’ in defense spending

13:45 • 17/07

Brent crude oil recovers in Asia trade after slumping to 3-month lows

13:28 • 17/07

Russia to ease citizenship rules for Armenians

12:46 • 17/07

Zhamanak: Fight against corruption ‘wasted effort’ to resolve past crimes

11:48 • 17/07

‘Don’t hold US-Russia ties hostage to internal politics’, Putin says after meeting with Trump

11:29 • 17/07

Henry Morgenthau III passes away  

11:19 • 17/07

Judges becoming ‘increasingly independent’ in Armenia, says president of Supreme Judicial Council

09:57 • 17/07

From a 35-arch ancient aqueduct to an eye-popping 20-mile road crossing: World's most incredible bridges revealed

09:29 • 17/07

Flying volcano injures 23 in Hawaii

09:20 • 17/07

Trump under fire after Putin summit

17:59 • 16/07

Trump sits down with Putin after denouncing past US policy on Russia

17:49 • 16/07

How Israel, in dark of night, torched its way to Iran’s nuclear secrets – The New York Times

17:17 • 16/07

Mission: Impossible-Fallout: Critics praise dangerous stunts performed by Tom Cruise who injured his ankle on set

16:53 • 16/07

Pashinyan 'politically inclined to peer-to-peer dialogue’ – diplomat  

16:07 • 16/07

French President Macron meets plenty of fans at World Cup final

15:55 • 16/07

Amazon Prime Day deals ‘deceptive’

15:14 • 16/07

No Armenian-Azerbaijani ministerial talks agreed in Brussels – MFA spokesperson

14:31 • 16/07

Ucom offers more Viasat Family channels to subscribers

14:05 • 16/07

Switalski: EU needs Armenia's 'specific proposals' to revise mutual agenda

12:46 • 16/07

Yerevan city council fails to secure quorom to elect new mayor

12:10 • 16/07

Erdogan: Turkish citizens ‘saved dignity of democracy’ during 2016 coup attempt

10:39 • 16/07

Two fans die as France's World Cup celebrations are marred by police violence

10:33 • 16/07

Italy to allow migrants to land in Sicily

10:05 • 16/07

Iran nuclear deal: US rejects EU plea for lifting sanctions

09:34 • 16/07

Trump calls EU 'foe' of the United States