Hero who inspirited Armenian champions of independence – today marks Andranik Ozanyan’s birthday

11:44 • 25.02.15



February 25 marks the 150th birth anniversary of Andranik Ozanyan, a legendary Armenian commander and champion of freedom, and a national liberation hero of Armenia and Bulgaria.


Taking the lead of the Armenian Feedayi troops after the murder of Aghbur Serob (military leader; 1864 - 1899), Andranik decades later became the symbol of the new Armenian statehood’s champions of independence and freedom, says Gagik Ginosyan, an Armenian ethnographic dance master and a veteran of the Nagorno-Karabakh liberation war.


“As [great Armenian novelist] Khachik Dashtents stated years later (in his novel “Call of the Ploughmen” dedicated to the early 20th century Armenian liberation struggle), we all should one day kiss their rebellious foreheads,” he told Tert.am, sharing his thoughts on the great hero’s heritage and feats. 


According to Vardan Devrikyan, a deputy head of the Manuk Abeghyan Institute of Literature and a member of the Karabakh war veterans’ volunteer union Yerkrapah (Defender of Land), Andranik and all the Armenian feedayis of the early 1900’s are central images for all those who appreciate the country’s independence and the value of the liberation campaign.


Andranik Ozanyan (aka Andranik or Zoravar /commander/ Andranik) was born in 1865 in Shabin-Karahisar, a town now situated in northeastern Turkey, and died at age 62 in the United States (Sacramento area). First buried in Fresno (the Soviet authorities banned the hero’s funeral in Armenia), his body was a year later moved to the Pere Lachaise cemetery of Paris. In 2000, the Andranik was reinterred in Yerevan’s Yerablur Pantheon.


Engaged in carpentry in his teens, Andranik had to later replace the craftsman’s adze with rifle, dedicating himself to the fight for his homeland’s liberation. Jailed by Turkish Janissaries but later managing to escape from prison, he soon joined Aghbyur Serob’s troops, committing himself to the delivery of arms supplies to the Armenian Feedayis.


In 1904, Andranik led the rebellion of Sasun. He also twice demonstrated his striking talent in the Second Balkan War (in which he took part as a military leader of a voluntary command formed jointly with Garegin Nzhdeh, a prominent Armenian statesman public figure and military strategist; 1886 -1955). Destroying the Turkish army on the river Maritsa, he was later honored with Golden Cross, the highest award by the Bulgarian Government.


Andranik brought a great a glory to tհe Arakelots (Holy Apostles) Monastery  in Mush with his invincible heroes who managed to break through and later escape from the enemy's circle.

 

“As a carpenter, he initially repaired Fedayis’ gun butts but the God’s providence, as they say, is unpreventable. So he was to later become the key figure and the symbol of the Feedayi campaign,” Mr Ginosyan noted.


In the war veteran’s words, the Nagorno-Karabakh liberation struggle would have been impossible without the inspiration drawn from the legendary commander's image. For him, Andranik was the very symbol of the hero warriors in the early 1990’s.


“He took part in the Balkan war when the Bulgarians were waging a battle against the Turks to liberate themselves from the Turkish yoke. During World War One, he commanded the first of the seven Armenian regiments; it is a unique example for a movement leader to later also head a regular army, attaining the general’s title,” he added.


Mr Ginosyan said he very much wishes to see the understanding that Andranik’s 150th birthday is not just a regular anniversary. “Such a serious jubilee year should not be insignificant,” he said, noting that Armenia this year had the first ever chance to celebrate the legendary hero’s birthday on a state level.


Mr Devrikyan more focused on Andranik’s smartness and wit as a military leader.


“His first Feedayi operations were something that ran counter to common sense, but they had a brilliant result,” he said, noting that the hero’s plans were often treated with skepticism by his warriors.


Literary critic David Gasparyan says Andranik’s dedication and efforts in the early 20th century’s national liberation campaign were tantamount to Commander Vardan Mamikonyan’s great contribution to the Armenians’ success in the Battle of Avarayr in the fifth century.

“Andranik is among those heroes who cleared the Armenian nationhood of strange, hostile elements to give the migrant Armenian a space to live. Andranik’s image was evaluated differently in different periods; from the 1920s until the 1960s, the attitude to him was negative. But later everything was settled down,” he added.

 





LATEST NEWSAll Today news

19:31 • 24/05

Tom Cruise confirms top gun sequel

19:02 • 24/05

Aliens could be living closer than thought - study

18:41 • 24/05

IS-linked militants besiege Philippine city

18:33 • 24/05

Trump hire lawyer for Russia probe  

18:20 • 24/05

Smiling Queen arrives at St Paul's Cathedral for an OBE service with the Duke of Edinburgh 

18:03 • 24/05

Chelsea cancel victory parade in light of Manchester terror attack

17:52 • 24/05

Financial system ‘highly sustainable’ in Armenia – Central Bank official

17:00 • 24/05

Aram Ateshyan steps down as Armenian Patriarch of Istanbul

16:53 • 24/05

Armenian parliament to conduct special session

16:30 • 24/05

Armenian PM to conduct working trip to Russia

14:02 • 24/05

2017 economic forecasts positive for Armenia – economist

13:19 • 24/05

Trump Administration’s new budget slashes aid to Armenia

12:56 • 24/05

New business owners in Armenian village propose tourism development plans

12:02 • 24/05

OSCE to conduct monitoring on Line of Contact

11:52 • 24/05

62 European MPs convey concerns over Turkish hunger-striking educators’ arrest 

11:37 • 24/05

US congressman condemns DC attack, Erdogan, on House Floor

11:26 • 24/05

French journalist held in Turkey on hunger strike

11:08 • 24/05

Hraparak: Armenian Delegation to PACE to have four members

10:26 • 24/05

UCLA ASA demonstrates against Young Turks’ Ana Kasparian

09:59 • 24/05

Azerbaijan keeps Karabakh frontline under intense fire

09:47 • 24/05

Libya terror links claimed in Manchester attack

09:32 • 24/05

California Senate Budget Committee approves $3m for Armenian American nuseum

09:09 • 24/05

Queen Elizabeth responds to 'Dreadful' Bombing at Manchester Arena concert  

09:02 • 24/05

Eiffel Tower to go dark for Manchester Arena attack victims

18:21 • 23/05

Armenia has major contribution to security, says chief of CSTO country institute

17:01 • 23/05

Manchester United hold minute of silence for attack victims 

16:48 • 23/05

EU willing to expand cooperation with Armenia – Mogherini

16:22 • 23/05

Chinese submersible starts testing ahead of Mariana Trench dive

16:15 • 23/05

Serzh Sargsyan issues condolences to Theresa May

16:07 • 23/05

No serious progress in Karabakh talks – political analyst

15:33 • 23/05

Russia supplies weaponry to Armenia without delay – defense official

15:04 • 23/05

British police identify Manchester Arena attacker

14:53 • 23/05

Innovative irrigation system launched in Armenian village

14:37 • 23/05

Turkey seeks more active political role in South Caucasus - Armenian historian

13:58 • 23/05

LA art dealer gets jail for bilking clients out of $1 million

13:53 • 23/05

Nicole Kidman: ‘I still act like I’m 21’

13:04 • 23/05

Armenia revises stance on Karabakh peace – political analyst

12:27 • 23/05

US senator's earmark for Armenian Genocide education passes subcommittee hearing

12:18 • 23/05

Two Armenian start-ups named funding competition winners

11:58 • 23/05

Zhamanak: National Assembly planning layoffs

11:40 • 23/05

LA Chamber of Commerce cancels Turkey business forum in response to Krekorian’s concerns

11:30 • 23/05

Armenian ombudsman reported on violations of life-termer's rights

11:01 • 23/05

Greece fails to secure bailout funds

10:30 • 23/05

Turkish editors sentenced to 22 years  over a ‘anti-Erdogan’ revolt

10:10 • 23/05

US Senate Appropriations Committee threatens Turkey aid over DC attacks

09:55 • 23/05

Nagorno-Karabakh reports more Azerbaijani ceasefire violations  

09:23 • 23/05

Trump asked intelligence to deny collusion with Russia - reports

09:09 • 23/05

Manchester Arena blast: toll rises to 22, more people reported injured (updated)

17:50 • 22/05

School optimization plan aims to ensure quality education – official

17:07 • 22/05

Turkey: 966 detained in anti-Gulen witch hunt in Turkey in one week

16:50 • 22/05

Armenian arm-wrestlers win six medals in European Championship

16:26 • 22/05

Russia to supply Armenia with advanced air vehicles as part of CSTO cooperation

16:01 • 22/05

Rouhani's re-election is in Armenia's interests, says expert

14:30 • 22/05

Melania Trump's outfit choices gain praise from staunchly conservative Saudi media despite choosing to shun the headscarf

14:25 • 22/05

Man responsible for killing Russian pilot gets 5 years in jail

14:07 • 22/05

Armenian parliament passes army compensation bill

13:44 • 22/05

Turkmenistan: deputy PM reportedly commits suicide

13:32 • 22/05

Leaks expose Facebook moderation policy

13:02 • 22/05

Healthcare system highly viable in Armenia – Aurora Prize laureate

12:03 • 22/05

Trump's Saudi speech warns terrorists their days are numbered

11:28 • 22/05

Tennis: Djokovic hires Andre Agassi; loses Italian Open final to Alexander Zverev

10:51 • 22/05

Tillerson waits on Turkey embassy brawl; McCain says 'look at the clip'

10:39 • 22/05

Saudis, UAE pledge $100 million to Ivanka Trump-proposed fund

10:33 • 22/05

My Heart will Go On: Celine Dion honors 20th anniversary of Titanic song

10:16 • 22/05

Nagorno-Karabakh reports more Azerbaijani ceasefire violations

10:00 • 22/05

CEC sums up Yerevan municipality elections

09:29 • 22/05

Brazilian protesters call for president’s resignation

09:13 • 22/05

Trump visits Israel amid tight security

14:49 • 20/05

White House lawyers research impeachment

14:37 • 20/05

Arsenal need a billionaire like Usmanov to move forward, says Ian Wright

14:26 • 20/05

Singer Prince's siblings named heirs

14:20 • 20/05

Assange mother calls on Malcolm Turnbull to help WikiLeaks founder after rape investigation dropped

14:12 • 20/05

Deputy chief of Turkey's religious authority sacked

13:52 • 20/05

Rouhani re-elected Iran's president

12:31 • 20/05

Recalls in Automotive industry

12:13 • 20/05

First Aurora Prize laureate Marguerite Barankitse is in Armenia

11:48 • 20/05

Azerbaijan uninfluenced by criticism - Artsakh war veteran  

11:30 • 20/05

Attack on Libya airbase by troops loyal to UN-backed faction kills 141

11:09 • 20/05

India woman donates uterus to daughter

11:01 • 20/05

Google calls on search smarts to catch Amazon’s voice assistant

10:48 • 20/05

Suspect in cockpit threat on Honolulu flight had been detained at LAX

10:41 • 20/05

Azerbaijan shoots heavy fire along Karabakh frontline

10:32 • 20/05

Armenian serviceman killed in Nagorno-Karabakh military unit

10:04 • 20/05

Zhamanak: Public rebellion inevitable in case of concession plan - Karabakh war veteran

09:30 • 20/05

Iran’s Rouhani on course for second term

09:12 • 20/05

Texas becomes 46th US state to recognize Armenian Genocide

17:59 • 19/05

Minsk Group statement ‘Armenian diplomacy’s success’ – parliament speaker

17:13 • 19/05

Armenian parliament cuts down standing committees' number to nine

16:47 • 19/05

Acting economy minister briefs president on proposed reforms

16:41 • 19/05

Еuropean court orders Armenia to pay € 3,600

16:05 • 19/05

Chelsea Manning releases first photo of her new look after leaving prison

15:51 • 19/05

OSCE Minsk Group’s ‘non-standard’ statement clear message to Azerbaijan - Nalbandian

15:13 • 19/05

Melania Trump announces she will join husband on their first foreign trip

14:55 • 19/05

OSCE Minsk Group to keep Azerbaijan under continuing criticism – Nagorno-Karabakh official

13:36 • 19/05

Sweden drops Assange rape prosecution

12:51 • 19/05

Armenian parliamnet elects vice speakers

12:21 • 19/05

Car moves down Times Square pedestrians for blocks, killing 1

12:12 • 19/05

Chris Cornell’s death leads to cancellation of rock fest

12:06 • 19/05

SAS GROUP runs leading Armenian supermarket chain

12:00 • 19/05

Azerbaijani aggression over Karabakh raises intn'l concerns – Armenian analyst