Constitutional amendments concept in Nagorno-Karabakh: opinions

20:01 • 16.08.16



Two of the five groups of the Nagorno-Karabakh National Assembly are for the model ensuring a co-existence between the parliamentary and presidential governments.


Two other groups are objecting to the concept, while one has reservations.


Specifically, the Democracy and Homeland parliamentary groups, which constitute a parliamentary majority, are for a transition from a semi-presidential system to a presidential one. On the other hand, the Armenian Revolutionary Federation Dashnaktsutyun (ARF-D) and Revival groups are objecting to the bill. Although the Movement-88 group is for a semi-presidential system, it is not against the bill, with certain reservations.


In an interview with Tert.am, Hayk Khanumyan, Head of the Revival opposition group, said that the group objects to constitutional amendments. But the proposed concept is a ‘super-presidential’ rather than a presidential one because, according to the document, the president is also the country’s prime minister.


As to the reasons for the Nagorno-Karabakh authorities submitting a presidential government model, whereas a transition to a parliamentary government was discussed just before the four-day hostilities, Mr Khanumyan does not rule out the hostilities in early April could  have been a reason for such amendments though the ruling forces are more inclined to a parliamentary model.


The ARF-D Central Committee in Nagorno-Karabakh objects to a proposal by the Ad Hoc Committee for Constitutional Reforms, which envisages a presidential government in Nagorno-Karabakh.


David Ishkhanyan, Head of the ARF-D parliamentary group in the Nagorno-Karabakh National Assembly, told Tert.am that the proposed mode envisages a centralized presidential government, which runs counter to the ARF-D’s principles and demands. Therefore, the ARF-D is objecting to the model.


“The ARF-D presented its stance long ago. We are for a parliamentary government and we have submitted a relevant concept,” Mr Ishkhanyan said.


The ARF-D Central Committee in Nagorno-Karabakh will discuss the issue. In Armenia, the ARF-D party was for a parliamentary government and was among the architects of the concept, and the ARF-D Central Committee in Nagorno-Karabakh cannot hold a different opinion.


Vardges Baghryan, Head of the Democracy parliamentary group, said that the group is supportive of the presidential government model. Romela Dadayan of the Homeland parliamentary group, said that the group is for the model as well.


Asked about reasons for an unexpected decision in favor of a presidential government, Ms Dadayan said that discussions, political views and consultations convinced them it is the right option now. Everything depends on the situation and further developments in the country’s political life.


Gagk Baghounts, Head of the Movement-88 group, said that he party’s program envisages a semi-presidential system. On the other hand, “we are not strongly against the proposed model, but with reservations concerning certain issues.”

 

Tigranuhi Martirosyan





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