Ilham Aliyev root cause of stalemate in Nagorno-Karabakh peace process - Vladimir Kazimirov

20:33 • 13.07.16



Mr Vladimir Kazimirov, who headed Russia’s mediatory mission in 1992-1996, acted as Russian presidential representative for Nagorno-Karabakh and Russian co-chair of the OSCE Minsk Group, deeply regrets that even political scientists are either uninformed of or do not remember the fundamental document on the ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh form May 12, 1994: a statement by the Council of the CIS Heads of State of April 15, 1992. All the CIS leaders, including the presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan, agreed to it. That statement contained a more exacting demand for a ceasefire and its further consolidation than the statements by the UN Security Council.

In an exclusive interview with Tert.am, Mr Kazimirov noted that Ilham Aliyev’s wishes are different than those of his father Heydar Aliyev.

“This is the root cause of the stalemate in the peace process,” Mr Kazimirov said.

Mr Kazimirov, many think that the four-day war in Nagorno-Karabakh early in April inaugurated a new stage in the Nagorno-Karabakh peace process: bilateral meetings are being organized and the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairing countries’ leaders are voicing their concern. I am sure that, as a person that has been involved in the process from the outset, you are keeping track of the developments. What is going on in the peace process, and what the signs of a settlement? Or will the situation lead to escalation and a new conflict?

Of course, the April gamble was a much graver conflict that all the previous incidents on the Line of Contact, which certainly caused a harsh international reaction, especially by the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairing countries and, particularly, on Russia’s part.

We should not forget that the 22-year-long ceasefire has caused different ways of influencing the Nagorno-Karabakh peace process. Of course, different ways, especially meetings and other contacts, played their role. But they could hardly play a decisive role in the conflict settlement. But the problem is not that discussions were not held at the right level. Much more depends on the conflicting parties’ positions and their ability to show a flexible approach to a settlement.

Mr Kazimirov, the great powers’ leaders are involved in the current process: a meeting in Vienna took place on the United States’ initiative and the Saint Petersburg meeting took place on Russia’s initiative. Germany is now more actively involved in the Nagorno-Karabakh peace process. What does it mean? Are the great powers really concerned or is each of them actually seeking to expand its influence over the region by making use of the conflict?

The states’ concern over the escalation in Nagorno-Karabakh is quite natural, especially since the region is most sensitive and explosive. Yerevan, Baku and Stepanakert must be fully aware of the threat of a new war – even to a greater extent than Moscow, Washington, Paris and Berlin.

At one time the problem of regional influence was almost brought into the forefront. Now, however, the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairs and the OSCE chairperson-in-office are cooperating in dealing with the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict better than they did decades ago. It is absurd to speak of anyone’s ambitions for regional domination.

A package settlement is being talked about now. Armenian society is showing an extremely violent response to this option. Do you think this option is a realistic one?

Both a package settlement and a phased one are possible. But the latter requires reliability and the conflicting parties honoring their commitments, which is obviously lacking in this conflict. It is common knowledge that one of the conflicting parties has shown total disrespect for its own commitments. Moreover, a phased settlement requires consistency and order or priority.

Regrettably, even political scientists are either uninformed or do not remember the fundamental document on the ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh form May 12, 1994: a statement by the Council of the CIS Heads of State of April 15, 1992. All the CIS leaders, including the presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan, agreed to it. That statement contained a more exacting demand for a ceasefire and its further consolidation than the statements by the UN Security Council. And the key phrase was as follows: eliminating the aftermath of the tragic confrontation is impossible without it. That is, the primary requirement was ruling out any possibility of hostilities being resumed and, later, vacation of territories, return of refugees and forcibly displaced people and so on.

However, how is Baku putting the question? First, vacation of the occupied territories, but without any commitments to reject any military means of resolving the conflict. It is at variance with the view of his [Ilham Aliyev’s] father Heydar Aliyev and of all the CIS leaders. Only a naïve person could listen to Ilham Aliyev’s arguments. This is the root cause of the stalemate in the peace process. As long as the conflicting parties fail to agree on the nonuse of force, they will hardly be capable of showing the flexibility needed to reach compromises. And a settlement is impossible without them.

Hripsime Hovhannisyan





Загрузка...

LATEST NEWSAll Today news

12:15 • 26/09

Ucom Customers to Keep on Benefiting from 15 AMD/MB Roaming Rate in Georgia and 41 More Countries

17:58 • 25/09

Hailee Steinfeld builds relationship with a Transformer in action-packed trailer for Bumblebee

17:46 • 25/09

YouTube channel owner arrested over child sex abuse

17:39 • 25/09

Armenia appoints new ambassador to Kuwait

17:28 • 25/09

Swedish PM ousted in no confidence vote

17:05 • 25/09

Effective anti-corruption policies to make Armenia ‘more investment friendly’ – EU envoy

16:17 • 25/09

Australian woman, 26, 'fakes liver cancer to collect $9,000 in donations' is charged

16:09 • 25/09

Armenia recalls ambassador from UAE

15:53 • 25/09

EU official says stability in Armenia 'key to future investments'

14:24 • 25/09

Man dies in Yerevan hospital explosion  

13:17 • 25/09

Attempts to reshape format of Karabakh talks undermines regional stability – Zohrab Mnatsakanyan

12:43 • 25/09

Armenia’s new government should place human rights at the centre of its policies – Dunja Mijatović

12:04 • 25/09

Oil prices jump, hitting highest record since Nov. 2014

11:56 • 25/09

Rouhani threatens Iran with new nuclear sanctions

11:46 • 25/09

Azerbaijan threatens to strike Armenian military planes  

11:23 • 25/09

Hraparak: Pashinyan's political team 'shocked' by landslide victory in Yerevan city elections

10:59 • 25/09

Instagram co-founders leaving firm

10:38 • 25/09

Zhoghovurd: Pashinyan may agree to keep parliament cordoned off to realize snap election plan

10:18 • 25/09

New Zealand PM's baby premiers among world leaders at UN

10:10 • 25/09

Pashinyan meets with UN Secretary-General António Guterres in New York

10:03 • 25/09

Kavanaugh denies sexual misconduct in Fox News exclusive

09:58 • 25/09

True spirit of Nelson Mandela’s ideas made our movement known to world – Nikol Pashinyan

09:48 • 25/09

Time: How Putin's oligarchs got inside the Trump team

09:37 • 25/09

FIFA names Luka Modric ‘best football player in the world’

09:22 • 25/09

Kocharyan files lawsuit against prime minister

18:03 • 24/09

Women’s Ballon d’Or to be introduced

17:41 • 24/09

Republican MP dismisses need of snap parliamentary elections

17:15 • 24/09

Moldovan president temporarily stripped of power in political standoff

16:59 • 24/09

Yerevan city council elections ‘were both unique and sad’, says intn’l observer

15:57 • 24/09

All Armenian fund appoints new director

15:32 • 24/09

Diaspora minister visits Haigazian University in Lebanon

14:52 • 24/09

Sky shareholders cheer Comcast's $40 billion knockout bid

14:32 • 24/09

Yerevan vote: Mayor-elect vows to make capital 'city of dreams'  

14:12 • 24/09

Newly-discovered photos show Tsar Nicholas II's family at play before Russian revolutionaries executed them

13:46 • 24/09

Opposition MP backs plan for dissolving parliament

13:07 • 24/09

Emily Ratajkowski dazzles in sheer gown as she rubs shoulders with catwalk legends Helena Christensen, 49, and Monica Bellucci at Dolce & Gabbana MFW showcase  

12:31 • 24/09

Nikki Haley: reports of discussions about removing Trump are 'absurd'

12:20 • 24/09

Iranian police arrest ‘some elements’ behind Ahvaz terror attack

12:12 • 24/09

Armenian Foreign Ministry blasts Aliyev's statements on Yerevan municipality elections

11:48 • 24/09

Armenian parliament delegation starts working visit to Belarus

11:25 • 24/09

Pashinyan to negotiate parliament dissolution plan after return from US

10:42 • 24/09

Indonesian teenager survives 49 days adrift at sea in fishing hut

10:24 • 24/09

Turkey: Erdogan vows to impose secure zones east of Euphrates in Syria

09:58 • 24/09

Yerevan municipality elections: Pro-Pashinyan alliance leads polls with over 80%

09:11 • 24/09

New allegations against Trump court pick

17:50 • 23/09

Armenian troops' plan to join Syria peacekeepers 'threatens new level of international isolation'

17:43 • 23/09

World's biggest election loser runs for 96th time in Canada

17:28 • 23/09

Prime minister optimistic about 'examplary elections'

15:21 • 23/09

US sanctions driving Russian billionaires into Putin’s arms

15:02 • 23/09

Britain's Labour Party backs new election to solve Brexit

14:40 • 23/09

Kim Kardashian cheers on daughter North in her first runway show as tot models PVC and red lipstick

14:27 • 23/09

Cyclist escapes with his life after car driven by joyrider

14:04 • 23/09

Al Pacino’s new girlfriend is half his age  

13:34 • 23/09

US Open 2018: Naomi Osaka beaten by Karolina Pliskova in Pan Pacific Open final

12:33 • 23/09

Meghan Markle reveals her first datign dress was 'something blue'

11:43 • 23/09

Moody’s pegs Florence’s economic cost at $38b to $50b

11:12 • 23/09

We need to be accustomed to normal voting practices in Armenia – Nikol Pashinyan

10:47 • 23/09

Maldives election: Voting begins in controversial poll

10:14 • 23/09

Yerevan conducts snap city council elections today

09:13 • 23/09

Iran blames Gulf rivals for deadly attack

17:38 • 21/09

US-Armenian artist Tigran Tsitoghdzyan opens exhibition in Istanbul

17:03 • 21/09

Armenia must declare 'last ever amnesty', revising life-termers’ cases – opinion  

16:07 • 21/09

Aguero extends Man City deal until 2021

15:54 • 21/09

Queen Elizabeth put Meghan Markle through fertility tests before wedding with Prince Harry

15:45 • 21/09

Armenia celebrating independence in exceptional conditions today  – Robert Kocharyan

15:21 • 21/09

Japanese probe about to drop hopping robots onto asteroid Ryugu

15:09 • 21/09

We proved that dreams can come true – President Sarkissian congratulates Armenians on independence day  

14:51 • 21/09

Inside Anthony Bourdain's $3.7m apartment as his estranged wife puts it on the market three months after the celebrity chef took his own life

14:32 • 21/09

Tbilisi TV tower features Armenian tricolor (video)

14:17 • 21/09

Artsakh President congratulates Armenian PM on independence anniversary

14:04 • 21/09

Independence day marked at Yerablur pantheon (photos)

13:25 • 21/09

Theresa May snubbed by Merkel as German leader ignores UK PM at Salzburg summit

12:30 • 21/09

Russians suspected of Skripal poisoning previously detained in The Netherlands — Bellingcat

12:07 • 21/09

Zhamanak: CSTO sending clear messages to Armenia

11:13 • 21/09

Vietnamese President Tran Dai Quang dies

10:51 • 21/09

Armenia celebrates 27th anniversary of independence today

09:29 • 21/09

US imposes sanctions on China over Russian weapons purchase

18:10 • 20/09

Azerbaijan continues crackdown on civil society – Human Rights Watch

17:57 • 20/09

Cary Fukunaga to direct next James Bond movie

17:47 • 20/09

President Sarkissian visits Chinese Embassy in Yerevan

17:30 • 20/09

Zurich Protocols will 'never return' to Turkey's politcal agenda

16:55 • 20/09

European court orders Armenian government to pay €20,600 over violations in March 1 criminal case

16:50 • 20/09

No hasty plans to arrange Pashinyan-Trump meeting, says foreign minister

12:25 • 20/09

Ucom to offer more affordable roaming rate to subscribers visiting Russia

11:31 • 20/09

Adam Schiff and 8 US lawmakers urge Gov Brown to sign Turkey divestment bill

11:08 • 20/09

$60m worth digital currencies stolen from Japanese exchange

09:47 • 20/09

Zhoghovurd: Catholicos of All Armenians to step down 'for health reasons'  

09:28 • 20/09

US 'ready' to restart talks with North Korea

09:11 • 20/09

Japan foreign minister planning to discuss peace treaty with Russia’s Lavrov

18:13 • 19/09

Contract serviceman fatally wounded in Armenia’s north-east

17:50 • 19/09

Dunja Mijatović: Legal incapacity of individuals with disabilities 'challenge to their rights' in Armenia

16:18 • 19/09

IBM launches AI bias detector

15:52 • 19/09

Kocharyan explains reasons behind ‘political comeback’

15:08 • 19/09

Azerbaijan, Russia conduct joint drills in Caspian Sea

13:07 • 19/09

The Weeknd sued 'for at least $5m' for 'stealing' his hit song Starboy from another artist

12:36 • 19/09

EU 'ready to improve' Irish border deal

12:09 • 19/09

Trump hails 'exciting' agreements by North Korean leader

12:05 • 19/09

Turkish workers arrested after Istanbul airport protests  

11:30 • 19/09

Trump considers request for US military base in Poland

11:18 • 19/09

Jessica Simpson expecting third baby